如何正确的阅读(英中双语)
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01. 阅读现状

报告显示,去年中国年人均阅读量仅7.99本,相较于犹太人的64本,日本人的40本,法国人的20本,中国人的人均阅读量显得较低。随着阅读的数字化,碎片化,人们阅读量下降的同时,阅读水平也正呈现下降趋势。

02. 阅读意义

阅读能使我们看到更远的地方,而不局限于当下。它或许不能让我们一夜暴富,位居万人之上,从此改变命运,但能影响一个人的思考方式、逻辑、谈吐和修养。阅读并不是为了获得多少财富,而是能在生活的酸甜苦辣中,保持一颗平静的心。当遇到困难或者疑惑时,我们能从书中得到些许启发,得以窥见一丝光明。

03. 泛读

读书分为泛读和精读两种方式。不同的目的选择不同的阅读方式,方能事半功倍。

泛读,顾名思义泛泛的阅读,即大量的阅读。泛读的目的主要是增加阅读量,增加知识的广度,在进行了大量的阅读之后,能辨认书籍的优劣。泛读作为精度的基础,起着较为重要的作用。在进行泛读时,要选择不同类型的书籍,广泛涉猎,只需了解文章的大致内容以及大概意思即可。使之在脑海中有大致印象,能够成为茶余饭后的谈资。

04. 精读

精读,是指精细深入的阅读。既然要进行精读,首先要做的就是挑选书籍,需要精心挑选,一旦下定决心要精读哪本书就要坚持下去。想要完全读懂一本书,必定要先了解其创作背景及作者生平,才能知道作者到底要表达的是什么。其次是结构,结构就像是人的骨骼,若文章结构没有安排好,那就像一个偏瘫的病人一样。之后是主题思想,弄明白作者真实想要传达给读者的内容才是阅读的核心,清楚了主题思想才算真正走进了这本书中。其次是书中的材料运用以及作者的提问方式。在阅读的过程中,不仅要思考,而且要勤于做阅读笔记,将精彩的地方摘录下来,将自己从中得到的启发和思考记录下来,时常回顾咀嚼,又会有新的体会。不断地完善,丰富,书中的营养就化成我们自身的东西了。

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The report shows that the average reading volume per capita in my country last year was only 7.99. Compared with 64 books by Jews, 40 books by Japanese, and 20 books by French, the average reading volume of Chinese is lower. With the digitization and fragmentation of reading, people's reading volume is declining, while reading level is also showing a downward trend.

Reading allows us to see farther away, not limited to the present. It may not allow us to become rich overnight, rank above 10,000, and change our destiny from now on, but it can affect a person's way of thinking, logic, conversation and cultivation. Reading is not to gain much wealth, but to maintain a calm heart in the ups and downs of life. When encountering difficulties or doubts, we can get some inspiration from the book and get a glimpse of light.

Reading is divided into two ways: extensive reading and intensive reading. Choose different reading methods for different purposes to get twice the result with half the effort.

Extensive reading, as the name implies, extensive reading, that is, a lot of reading. The main purpose of extensive reading is to increase the amount of reading and increase the breadth of knowledge. After a lot of reading, you can identify the pros and cons of books. As the basis of accuracy, extensive reading plays a more important role. When doing extensive reading, you need to choose different types of books and study extensively. You only need to understand the general content and general meaning of the article. Make it have a general impression in your mind, and it can be used for after-dinner conversation.

Intensive reading refers to detailed and in-depth reading. Since intensive reading is to be carried out, the first thing to do is to select books, which need to be carefully selected. Once you are determined to read which book you want to read, you must stick to it. To fully understand a book, you must first understand its creative background and the author's life, before you know what the author is trying to express. Second is the structure. The structure is like a human bone. If the structure of the article is not arranged, it will be like a hemiplegic patient. After that is the theme idea. It is the core of reading to understand what the author really wants to convey to the reader. Only when you know the theme idea can you really enter the book. The second is the use of materials in the book and the author's questioning methods. In the process of reading, you must not only think, but also be diligent in taking reading notes, excerpt the wonderful places, record the inspiration and thoughts you get from them, review and chew frequently, and you will have new experiences. Constantly improving and enriching, the nutrition in the book becomes our own thing.

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参考资料:百度百科,知乎、Google翻译

撰文:头条号 @LearningYard学苑

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