英文短语“no matter”的正确用法
网友【english】于【太平洋时间 2021-10-11 09:36:01】分享在【美国信息交流】版块    6698    1    6

no matter 是什么意思呢?光看这两个字你可能没什么感觉,直接准备了几个例句给你瞧一瞧吧:

No matter who told you the news, don’t believe it.
无论是谁告诉你这个消息,都不要相信。

No matter what people say, just be yourself.
无论人们说什么,做你自己就好。

No matter how terrible the weather is, they will go hiking.
无论天气会多糟,他们都会去健行。

No matter how hard I tried, I couldn’t fall asleep.
无论我多麽努力尝试,我还是睡不着。

从以上的句子你应该可以得知 no matter 是“无论”的意思,而且后面都会有一个 wh- 疑问词的跟屁虫对吧!

那么接下来,准备好你的笔记 ,一起往下看看 no matter + wh-疑问词 要如何用在句子中吧!

网友分享在meiguo.com上的图片

no matter wh-疑问词 的用法

no matter 表示“无论”,后面会依据语意加上不同的 wh-疑问词,如下面所列:

no matter who 无论是谁

no matter whom 无论是谁(受格)

no matter where 无论何处

no matter when 无论何时;每当

no matter what 无论什么

no matter which 无论是哪一个

no matter how 无论如何

基本上,no matter + wh- 疑问词后面接的架构差不多,会引导出一个子句为主,但不同的疑问词后面接的还是有几个不同之处,接下来就一个一个来看吧!

no matter who 无论是谁

No matter who you are, you can’t violate the law.
无论你是谁,都不能违反法律。

No matter who they are, I don’t want to waste my time listening to them.
无论他们是谁,我都不想浪费时间听他们说。

No matter who you meet, do not talk to him/her.
无论你遇到谁,都不要跟他/她说话。

No matter who you ask, you won’t get the answer.
无论你问谁,都不会得到答案。

No matter who comes, I will be welcome.
无论是谁过来,我都很欢迎。

No matter who wins the election, he/she should keep his/her promises.
无论是谁赢得那场选举,他/她都应该要信守诺言。

➡ 特别要请你看最后两句 ,当 who 的后面是直接加上动词时,who 会具有双重身分,同时为疑问词及子句的主词,并会视为第三人称单数,故后面的动词用了 comes 及 wins

另外,上面的其中两个例句可以改成用 no matter whom 来表达,因为 whom 分别会作为 meet 和 ask 的受词。代换成 no matter whom 时意思不变,但会显得比较正式,就像这样:

No matter whom you meet, do not talk to him/her.

No matter whom you ask, you won’t get the answer.

no matter where 无论何处

No matter where she goes, she always wears a red hat.
无论她到哪里,她都总是会带着一顶红色的帽子。

No matter where the mother goes, her baby follows her.
无论那位妈妈到哪里,她的宝宝都会跟着她。

➡ 这里的 where 引导出子句(主词+动词)

no matter when 无论何时;每当

No matter when I hear that song, I think of my grandma.
每当我听到那首歌时,就会想到我奶奶。

No matter when you arrive at the train station, just call me.
无论你何时会到车站,打给我就对了。

➡ 这里的 when 引导出子句(主词+动词)

no matter what 无论什么

No matter what you say, you won’t change his mind.
无论你们说什么,都无法改变他的心意。

No matter what Gina does for her husband, he’s not satisfied.
无论 Gina 为她男友做什么,他都感到不满意。

No matter what happens, we will always stand by you.
无论发生什么事,我们都会一直支持着你。

No matter what happens in your life, always face it with a smile.
无论你生命中发生什么事,都要面带微笑来面对。

➡ 特别要请你看最后两句 ,当 what 的后面是直接加上动词时,what 会具有双重身分,同时为疑问词及子句的主词,并会视为第三人称单数,故后面的动词用了 happens

补充一下,在口语中可以把 no matter what 放在句尾,表示无伦如何都一定会去做前面那件事,前方加不加逗号都可以,例如:

I’m on your side no matter what.
不管怎么样,我都会站在你那边。

They will vote for that candidate, no matter what.
不管怎么样,他们都会将票投给那位候选人。

We have to arrive at the meeting before 6 p.m., no matter what.
不管怎么样,我们一定要在晚上六点前抵达那场会议。

网友分享在meiguo.com上的图片

no matter which 无论是哪一个

No matter which flavor you choose, you’re gonna like it.
无论你选择哪一种口味,你都会喜欢的。

No matter which route you take, it takes five hours to be there.
无论你走哪一条路线,都需要花费五小时到那。

No matter which team wins the game, we’ll be happy.
无论哪一个队伍赢得比赛,我们都会很开心。

➡ 这里的 which 通常会先加上一个名词,再引导出子句(主词+动词)

no matter how 无论如何

No matter how Joseph apologized for his mistake, his girlfriend wouldn’t forgive him.
无论 Joseph 怎么为他的过错道歉,他女友都不肯原谅他。

No matter how you want to spend your day, you must follow the rules.
无论你想要怎么度过你的一天,你都一定要遵守这些规范。

➡ 这里的 how 引导出子句(主词+动词)

No matter how careful the doctor was, he still got infected with the virus.
无论那位医生多麽地小心,他仍然受到病毒的感染。

No matter how rich the man became, he never donated to the charity.
无论那位男人变得多么富有,他都不曾捐钱给慈善机构。

➡ 这里的 how 会加上一个形容词,再引导出子句(主词+动词)

No matter how early she got up, she still managed to be late for school.
无论她多早起床,她上学都还是会迟到。

No matter how hard he tried, he still couldn’t win the girl’s heart.
无论他多努力尝试,他还是无法赢得那位女孩的芳心。

➡ 这里的 how 会加上一个副词,再引导出子句(主词+动词)

No matter how many times you see this movie, you’ll still get inspired.
这部电影无论你看几次,你都还是会受到啟发。

No matter how many times you say it, it still didn’t happen.
无论你说过那件事多少次,它就是没发生。

No matter how much the house costs, Wendy will still definitely buy it.
无论那间房子要花多少钱,Wendy 都绝对会买下它。

No matter how much Ken feels discouraged, he will still never give up.
无论 Ken 感到有多麽地丧志,他也绝对不会放弃。

➡ 这里可以用 how many + 名词或 how much 来引导出子句(主词+动词)

而以上的 no matter wh-子句 都是可以和主要子句调换位置的唷,那这时候句中通常不会加逗号,此外也要留意一下代名词的使用,这里以最后三句来做示范:

It didn’t happen no matter how many times you say it.

Wendy will definitely buy the house no matter how much it costs.

Ken will never give up no matter how much he feels discouraged.

网友分享在meiguo.com上的图片

no matter wh- 代换成 wh-ever 的用法

要表示“无论何时”除了用 no matter when,还可以代换成 whenever 唷,其他的 wh- 疑问词亦是如此,如下方所示:

no matter who = whoever 无论是谁

no matter whom = whomever 无论是谁(受格)

no matter where = wherever 无论何处

no matter when = whenever 无论何时;每当

no matter what = whatever 无论什么

no matter which = whichever 无论是哪一个

no matter how = however 无论如何

那这两者用法基本上是一样的,可以放在主要子句前面或后面,以下用上面的例句直接代换给你看看吧:

No matter who comes, I will be welcome.
= Whoever comes, I will be welcome.

No matter whom you meet, do not talk to him/her.
= Whomever you meet, do not talk to him/her.

No matter where she goes, she always wears a red hat.
= Wherever she goes, she always wears a red hat.

No matter when I hear that song, I think of my grandma.
= Whenever I hear that song, I think of my grandma.

No matter what you say, you won’t change his mind.
= Whatever you say, you won’t change his mind.

No matter which flavor you choose, you’re gonna like it.
= Whichever flavor you choose, you’re gonna like it.

No matter how careful the doctor was, he still got infected with the virus.
= However careful the doctor was, he still got infected with the virus.

No matter how many times you see this movie, you’ll enjoy it.
= However many times you see this movie, you’ll enjoy it.

最后小小提醒一下,no matter how = however,这个 however 跟当副词的“然而”长得一模一样,但是意思完全不一样!表示然而得 however 通常会有个逗号加在后面,呈现转折语气,在阅读句子的时候要小心分辨两者唷!

That’s All for Today

终于要进入文章的尾声了,要先给把文章看到最后的你一点掌声啦!相信现在你对 no matter 的句型有更进一步的理解了!

此外,也送给喜欢听英文歌的朋友这两首好听的歌曲 :第一首是 Boyzone 的 <No Matter What>,这算是老歌,速度慢慢的,很容易练唱。第二首诗 Calum Scott 的 <No Matter What>,这是一首有洋葱的歌 ,留言处可以看到很多感人的分享,可以去感受一下。

出处:头条号 @科普的橘子

meiguo.com 发布人签名/座右铭Follow Me!
大家都在看
楼主新近贴
回复/评论列表
默认   热门   正序   倒序
meiguo.com 创始人

emotion

6   2021-10-11 09:36:01  回复

回复/评论:英文短语“no matter”的正确用法

暂无用户组 升级
退出
等级:0级
美果:
美过

美国动态 站内搜索 美果转盘 美果商店

Your IP: 34.236.191.104, 2021-10-26 11:19:07

Processed in 0.6667 second(s)

头像

用户名:

粉丝数:

签名:

资料 关注 好友 消息
已有0次打赏
(6) 分享
分享
取消